S - SPECIFIC
People do better with specific goals rather than a general one. To make goals specific, they must say exactly what is expect, why it is important, who is involved, where it is going happen and which attributes are important.
A specific goal will usually answer the five "W" questions:
- What: What do I want to accomplish
- Why: Specific reasons, purpose, benefits of accomplishing the goal.
- Who: Who is involved?
- Where: Identify a location.
- Which: Identify the requirements and constraints.
M - MEASURABLE
If a goal is not measurable, it is not possible to know if you are making progress towards completing it. A measurable goal will usually answer questions like:
- How much?
- How many?
- How will I know when it is accomplished?
A - ATTAINABLE
It is important to know your capabilities. Any goal or objective must be within reach. If the goal is not achievable, then it will lead to negative experiences and at the end lead to low self esteem and a lack of motivation to try again.
R - RELEVANT
Your goal should match your personality, your values and beliefs and be in line with your strengths and skills.
T - TIME BOUND
Every goal or objective must be linked to time. If there is not time bound to a goal, there are no deadlines. If you don't set a deadline for your goals you may not meet your goal. It is important to work according to deadlines, because it makes it easier to measure and to determine success. Time must be measurable, attainable and realistic.